Andre Cailloux was one of the first black Union officers in the Civil War. He was born a slave and became a free man of color in Louisiana before the Civil War. He was a prosperous cigar maker when the War broke out, and after the Union occupied New Orleans he joined the First Louisiana Regiment, being commissioned a captain. His company was among those to lead the assault on Port Hudson on the Mississippi River, and he was killed while leading the charge. His death was a catalyst for greater black enlistment in the Union Army, and inspired many to work harder for rights for black Americans.
- Civil War Heroes: Andre Cailloux & Claude Paschal Maistre
- The Case for Posthumously Awarding André Cailloux The Congressional Medal of Honor – The Journal of the Civil War Era
- André Cailloux – From The Encyclopedia Of African American History
- A Patriot, a Priest and a Prelate: Black Catholic Activism in Civil War New Orleans
- The Funeral of André Cailloux: Fallen Captain of the Louisiana Native Guards, Buried July 29, 1863
- How a Black Civil War Hero’s funeral paved the way for second lines < Very Local
- French Creoles | Andre Cailloux
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